Effects fracking has on humans
You don’t need to understand what Fracking is to have heard of it, but we’ll try and give you a gentle grounding in it so you’re aware of what it’s about. There are several side effects of the fracking process, but none are so monstrously harmful that you need to be too worried.
What is fracking?
So, this is the technical bit. Hydro-fracking doesn’t have any direct harmful effects on humans but it can contaminate the environment, which is why it attracts so much controversy. The process uses a combination of water, sand and chemicals to extract natural gas from the earth. It’s a process that’s been around since 1947 but nowadays the drills can dig deeper and a combination of new chemical solutions are being used.
The most worrying impact that this process has is on the environment, which in turn has an effect on the world’s popular. The chemicals that are injected into the ground can endanger local animals, and there’s also a concern that what little water is available in some arid areas of the world is used up as part of this process.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
The process also releases Volatile organic compounds. These VOC gases can include methane, which is a greenhouse gas that’s way more damaging that carbon dioxide. Communities local to the fracking sites have more direct issues with the process including noise pollution, vibrations and fumes that invade their communities. Heavy trucks are needed as part of the process so they bring along their own noise and fumes.
Some parts of the world have been quick to blame the fracking process on earthquakes. Whether there’s anything to the claims is unclear but those who make the suggestions say that re-injecting the returned fracking fluid into abandoned mines or deep underground causes earthquakes.